is tacitus reliable

How were children treated in the Victorian Era? His hostile reference to the Christians (Ann. The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable., ELIZABETH KNOWLES "Tacitus Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. The major work in English on Tacitus himself is the massive and erudite book by Sir Ronald Syme, Tacitus (2 vols., 1958), which contains an immense amount of information about Tacitus himself and many other aspects of Rome in the 1st century; but it is a difficult and baffling work for the layman to use. answer! There is an excellent brief introduction to imperial Rome in Martin P. Charlesworth, The Roman Empire (1951). JOHN CANNON "Tacitus m. cary et al. Tacitus was born into a wealthy family of equestrian status. For Roman oratory see Stanley F. Bonner, Roman Declamation (1949), and Martin L. Clarke, Rhetoric at Rome: A Historical Survey (1953). In 77 the young Tacitus was betrothed to, and soon after married, the only daughter of Gnaeus Julius Agricola, an able soldier and administrator. .

Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Neither Tacitus nor any ancient historian felt obliged to reveal sources; that is not the point. Tacitus did use as many records and official sources for his histories, so his writings are probably more authoritative than contemporary histories,... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. (October 16, 2020). The Oxford Companion to British History. Create your account. In his gloomy moralizing he was the heir of Sallust rather than of Livy. His style, especially in the Histories and Annals, is unique in Latin literature. In both major works he retained the annalistic system of chronology, though he sometimes found it awkward and had to put into a single year series of events which in fact had been spread over several. In the light of his administrative and political experience, Tacitus in the Histories was able to interpret the historical evidence for the Flavian period more or less directly. Tacitus's reputation as a historian rests primarily on the two major works of his maturity. More important are Tacitus's undoubted merits.

Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: There are numerous English translations of Tacitus's works, most of which are reasonably reliable. But in most cases Tacitus seems to have taken pains to reproduce in his own words the general sense of what was actually said: that was certainly the case with a speech of Claudius to the Senate reported in book 6 of the Annals, where the preservation of most of the original text in an inscription shows clearly that Tacitus wrote his own version with a copy of the original before him. Services, Tacitus's Writings & Impact on Historiography, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. For the next 4 years Tacitus was away from Rome, as he had been appointed by Domitian to a post in the imperial administration, either the command of a legion or the governorship of one of the less important provinces, but we do not know exactly what the post was or where he held it. Retrieved October 16, 2020 from For Vespasian’s later years and the reigns of Titus and Domitian, he must have worked more closely from official records and reports.

We are missing about 2/3 of the Annales (an account of Rome year-by-year), but still have 40 out of 54 years.Annales isn't the only source for the period, either. Tacitus had copious sources at his disposal and used them critically and independently. New Catholic Encyclopedia. In 97, during the brief reign of Nerva, Tacitus finally attained the highest traditional magistracy, the consulship, which at this date was a ceremonial post and a necessary qualification for most of the really important appointments in the Emperor's service.

The Oxford Companion to British History.

The Annals of Tacitus . ." ."

." Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids. His writing is concise, breaking any easy balance of sentences, depending for emphasis on word order and syntactical variation and striking hard where the subject matter calls for a formidable impact. to A.D. 138 (1944; 2d rev. By this date Tacitus had also started on a career as a writer, and it seems likely that after this he gradually withdrew from legal practice to concentrate on his literary work. Theodor Mommsen was the most productive and influential German his…, The destruction of Carthage in 146 bce ended the Third Punic War (149–146). 4th century) is best known for his ten-book collection detailing the history of Rome from its start…, Alaric

This was a history of Rome from the death of Augustus in 14 to the suicide of Nero in 68. 56-120 CE) was a Roman historian and statesman. © 2019 | All rights reserved. Tacitus (c. 56/57-ca. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Encyclopedia of World Biography. But to go back a century raises additional problems of historical method.

. It is finally his masterly handling of literary Latin that impresses the reader. . It was divided into 16 or 18 books, but well over a third of the text has been lost. . Christus, the founder of their name, had been sentenced to death by the procurator Pontius Pilate in the reign of Tiberius. 1914) and The Histories; The Annals (trans., 4 vols., 1925-1937), the following individual versions can be recommended: The Annals and the Histories by Alfred J. Post-Civil War U.S. History: Help and Review, History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction, Post-Civil War American History: Homework Help, Western Europe Since 1945: Certificate Program, Major Events in World History Study Guide, Middle School US History: Help and Review, Western Civilization 1648 to the Present: Help and Review, Biological and Biomedical 16 Oct. 2020 . There isn't much surviving information about his personal life, though he was probably born into a noble family. Among other sources Tacitus consulted Servilius Nonianus (on Tiberius), Cluvius Rufus and Fabius Rusticus (on Nero), and Vipstanus Messalla (on the year 69). ."

His De vita Iulii Agricolae, a laudatory biography of his beloved father-in-law (d. 93) who established Roman rule in Britain on a solid foundation, reveals vividly the atmosphere of fear and terror at Rome under Domitian and the indelible impression left by the tyranny and savagery of that Emperor on the minds of men of senatorial rank. ed. . Was Tacitus' information reliable? Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. 1 to 6 and 11½ to 16½ have been preserved. In his technique Tacitus made no real innovations. On the whole, he showed good judgment in his handling of the material he found in earlier writers—he passed over in silence most of the more scandalous stories that enliven the pages of Suetonius—and he almost certainly did extensive research into the available documentary evidence, especially the records of meetings of the Senate. Tacitus knew the techniques and controlled them for his political interpretations; as a model he had studied the early Roman historiographer Sallust. New Catholic Encyclopedia. But Tacitus did not spare any man in power. We do not have Tacitus's narrative for several of the later years of Tiberius, the whole of the brief reign of Caligula, the start of Claudius's reign, and the final years of Nero's reign, though the absence of this last section may be a result of a failure on Tacitus's part to complete the work before he died.

." There are numerous English translations of Tacitus's works, most of which are reasonably reliable. Tacitus's first published work was Agricola, a laudatory biography of his late father-in-law, which came out between 96 and 98.

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